Autonomous vehicles, connected mobility, Smart City
In mobility, the advantage of artificial intelligence lies in the linking of data. In the vehicle itself, the focus is on accident reduction and predictive maintenance systems. Demands and capacities can be better coordinated in local public transport and rail transport. Cross-modal traffic flows can be better coordinated. In this respect, artificial intelligence is an essential factor for developments in the entire Smart City environment. Another important branch of research is autonomous mobility. In addition to the intelligent interaction of the vehicle with the occupants, the main focus here is on interaction with the environment. Reliable detection of obstacles and embedding and networking with other road users are central research areas. Here, vehicles can benefit from each other through the constant exchange and analysis of information about traffic situations. Partially autonomous mobility with distance warners and lane assistants will be possible across the board in the next few years, while complete autonomous mobility outside demarcated areas such as industrial areas will require not only technical but also ethical and legal solutions. Different legal frameworks can have a considerable influence on the research and development of artificial intelligence in the field of mobility in individual countries.
IT companies leading, service providers dynamic, Europeans outperformed
In the field of artificial intelligence in mobility, Intel is the leader with its subsidiary Mobileye (number of world class patents). This is followed by other large IT companies such as Alphabet, which are trusted with extensive activities in the field of autonomous vehicles. Classic automotive companies such as General Motors, Ford, Honda and Toyota are also among the top 10. Compared to their direct competitors, German car manufacturers have only a few world-class patents in this field and are still lagging behind their automotive suppliers (the low research efficiency, measured as the share of world-class patents in total patents, but points to a larger overall portfolio). In addition to vehicle manufacturers, there are also service companies: Didi Technology and Uber as mobility mediators, Here Navigation and TomTom in the navigation sector as well as trading platforms such as Amazon and Alibaba. The latter are experimenting with drones to optimize the supply chain.